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According to history (although arguable) fudge was accidentally created by a batch of failed candy; most likely caramels, around the year 1886. From this fouled up candy batch came the term or the exclamation of 'oh, fudge!' The first written evidence of fudge was in a letter from New York. Emelyn Battersby Hartidge, a student from Vassar College, wrote that a friend's cousin made fudge. In Baltimore in 1886, the candy sold for 40 cents per pound. A few years later Ms. Hartidge obtained the recipe and made 30 pounds for a Vassar Senior Auction. Other colleges like Smith and Wellesley then created their own recipes for fudge.

Everybody enjoys creamy, sweet fudge, but people consider it hard to make. Original recipes for fudge were difficult and quite unclear. The degree of difficulty had to do with which recipe was used, the quality of equipment, the type of ingredients and patience . Also, being aware of the precise measurements, cooking time and nonstop stirring were integral to get the perfect fudge. Heating the ingredients to the appropriate temperature, and stirring at the proper time are necessary as well in order to make the fudge creamy and smooth and not grainy. It can also be quite easy to under cook or over cook this mouthwatering treat, resulting in the fudge not setting up or the ingredients getting scorched.

In contrast with candies and sweets that can be traced back thousands of years, fudge is relatively a new comer. Some of the early flavors of fudge were chocolate, vanilla and brown sugar penuche. Mackinac Island, in Michigan has become the fudge capital of the United States. And nowadays the mixtures of ingredients or flavorings are nearly endless. A few of them are: vanilla cherry chocolate chip, raspberry coffee, chocolate cappuccino, maple walnut, vanilla caramel, lemon butter, chocolate caramel pecan, dark chocolate, chocolate cheesecake and peanut butter.

While the word fudge can be defined differently, none are synonymous with the old time, family favorite, premium chocolate fudge. In America, just about always, the word fudge means a rich and creamy, tantalizing confectionery made with chocolate. Sometimes you can find the word fudge printed on the boxes of cakes and brownies, but this simply means that they have added some additional chocolate flavor.

By definition, fudge is a confection that is rich and creamy. A semi-soft confection, ordinarily very smooth and made using sugar, corn syrup, fresh butter, sweet cream and often some sensational flavorings. Flavors might be chocolate, vanilla, white chocolate, butterscotch, Kahlua, peanut butter, flavored gelatin, kool aid, buttermilk, mint, maple, bourbon or even pumpkin. Fudge might contain nuts, such as pecans, walnuts, pistachios, hazelnuts, roasted macadamia nuts, or almonds. Additional ingredients that are found in the more uncommon or decadent fudge could be: popcorn, crackers, crushed candy canes, cheese, pineapple chunks, coconut, lime zest, candy bars, chocolate chips, cookie wafers, caramel, espresso beans, chocolate chunks, marshmallows, or cherries and other dried or candied fruit.

Author's Bio: Anna McAnthony is a staff and content writer at http://www.chocolategourmetcandy.com, and has been doing research and writing articles on chocolate for a number of years. Visit http://www.chocolategourmetcandy.com for more information.

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